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                        Space
exploration

                        Space
                        exploration

                        For decades, Airbus Defence and Space has been at the very heart of space exploration, developing the technology that allows mankind to send spacecraft to planets, moons and comets both close to the sun and millions of kilometres away – allowing us to learn more about the universe we live in and helping to make it truly our home.

                        Missions that began in our clean rooms:

                        Airbus clean rooms served as a starting point for several missions, including: Mars Express, the first European Mars exploration mission – for which Airbus Defence and Space designed and built the satellite; and Gaia, designed and built by Airbus for the European Space Agency (ESA) to conduct a census of a billion stars and other astronomical phenomena in our galaxy to help scientists understand stellar evolution and star formation, providing insights into the Milky Way origin.

                        Another programme for which Airbus Defence and Space engineers have designed and built the spacecraft and instruments is LISA Pathfinder, the technology demonstrator mission aiming to prove key elements of Einstein’s theory of general relativity. BepiColombo is Europe's first mission to Mercury, for which Airbus is responsible for the systems design and building three of the four elements: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter, Mercury Transfer Module and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter Sunshield and Interface Structure.

                        LISA Pathfinder

                        LISA Pathfinder

                        Mars Express

                        Mars Express

                        GAIA

                        GAIA

                        Future missions under development:

                        Airbus continues active work on several space exploration projects, such as: developing and building JUICE (JUpiter ICy moons Explorer) spacecraft for the European Space Agency, which will study Jupiter and its icy moons in the hope of determining whether life is possible on these dwarf planets; leading the teams designing and building the Solar Orbiter that will research how the Sun creates the heliosphere, the bubble-like region of space dominated by the solar wind. For the ExoMars mission – a joint project by the European and Russian space agencies (ESA and Roscosmos) to examine the geological environment and search for life on Mars – Airbus Defence and Space is developing the rover (a robotic vehicle).

                        Orion is NASA’s next spacecraft to send humans into space, beyond the Moon to asteroids and even Mars. The European Service Module (ESM) – for which Airbus is the prime contractor for the development and manufacturing – is Europe’s contribution to the Orion spaceship. The module provides propulsion, power, water, oxygen and nitrogen as well as keeps the spacecraft at the right temperature and on course.

                        To support highly precise mission preparations, Airbus developed image simulation software SurRender for all development phases – from preliminary sizing and feasibility studies to validation and testing. The software is especially useful for the development and testing of vision-based navigation techniques.

                        JUICE

                        JUICE

                        BepiColombo in Space

                        Bepi Colombo

                        Solar Orbiter

                        Solar Orbiter

                        State-of-the-art extended Mars Yard rover test area at Stevenage site

                        ExoMars

                        Artist View Orion

                        Orion

                        SurRender software

                        SurRender software

                        Image generation software for space exploration

                        Earth observation

                        Telecommuni- cations Satellites

                        Human spaceflight

                        Launchers

                        Satellite navigation

                        Space exploration

                        Space Data Highway

                        Spacecraft Equipment

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